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Economic Survey 2000 - 2001

Public Finance

Stamps & Registration Fees

Amongst the direct taxes imposed by the State, Stamps and Registration fees plays a predominant role to augment the resources of the State. According to the data published in the Budget in brief 1998-99, the Revenue accrued through Stamps and Registration fee in the State increased from Rs.313.60 crores in 1994-95 to Rs.635.91 crores in 1997-98 or revealed a compound growth rate of 31.5 percent. However gross revenue received from Stamps and Registration fees in 1997-98 is slightly less than target of Rs.639 crores. The following table gives the details of revenue received from Stamps and Registration fees from 1994-95 to 1997-98.

Table - 8.1

(Rupees in Crores)

1994-95 313.60
1995-96 325.62
1996-97 605.87
1997-98 635.91

Source: Inspector General of Stamps and Registrations, Government of Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad .

A look at the gross revenue from Stamps and Registration fee in the State from April, 1998 to November, 1998, reveal that in July 1998 the revenue accrued from this tax reached a maximum of Rs.73.22 crores against Rs. 51.86 crores in April, 1998 i.e. the beginning of the Current financial year. But it dwindled to Rs.47.41 crores in November 1998. However upto November, 1998 the collections received from this tax exceeded the target of Rs.425.25 crores and achieved a total tax collection of Rs.435.73 crores as can be seen from the following table.

Table - 8.2

Registration and Stamps Department Gross Revenue

(April, 1998 TO November, 1998).


(Rupees in Lakhs)

April,'98 6750.00 5186.00
May,'98 6750.00 5405.00
June,'98 6750.00 5540.00
July,'98 4725.00 7322.00
August,'98 4725.00 5073.00
September,'98 4050.00 5294.00
October,'98 4050.00 5042.00
November,'98 4725.00 4741.00
TOTAL: 42525.00 43573.00

Source: Inspector General of Stamps and Registrations, Government of Andhra Pradesh.Hyderabad .

In order to quicken the process of the Registration System in the State, a computerised system was introduced in all the Registration Offices and this has been received the assent of the President of India for implementation.

State Excise

State Excise is one of the indirect taxes levied by the State next to Sales Tax. The revenue accrued from this tax was Rs.443.72 crores in 1994-95 it dwindled to the rock bottom of Rs. 77.66 crores in 1995-96 due to ban on sale of arrack. Since the State has faced a financial crisis, the ban on sale of liquor was lifted and consequently the revenue realised from this tax increased to Rs.887.49 crores in 1997-98. A month-wise revenue realised from this tax from April,'1998 to October,'1998 revealed that in September, 1998 an amount of Rs.102.69 crores was collected as against Rs.79.69 crores in April, 1998. However in October,'1998 it dwindled to Rs.80.48 crores, as can be seen from the following Table.

Table - 8.3

Revenue Realised from State Excise

Rs. In Crores


1996-97 59.14
1997-98 887.47
1998 - April 79.69
May 64.17
June 108.81
July 74.00
August 47.75
September 102.69
October 80.48

Source:- Commissioner of Prohibition and Excise, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad


Sales Tax

Sales Tax is a tax on the sale of property of the goods at the retailing, wholesaling or manufacturing stage. Amongst the State's own revenues, it occupies a predominant position.

The total revenue realised through Sales Tax on top 25 commodities under A.P.G.S.T. plus Central Sales Tax Acts in the State was Rs.2705.86 Crores as against Rs.2394.66 crores or recorded an increase of 13 percent. Compared to 1996-97, 17 out of 25 commodities revealed increase in tax collection during 1997-98. The increase was discernible in the case of Gas 86.3 percent followed by Cosmetics (50 percent) Pesticides (43.3 percent), Aerated Water (40.9 percent), Coal (27.9 percent), Petroleum Products (20.9 percent), Tea (20 percent), Detergents and Soaps (17.5 percent) , Paints (11.9 percent) and Drugs and Medicines (11.1 percent) respectively. A look at the percentage contribution to total revenues from Sales Tax, Petroleum products contributed nearly 26.9 percent followed by Paddy and Rice (5.3 percent) and Cement (4.8 percent).

During the Current financial year upto 30th November, 1998, the total tax revenues realised on top 25 commodities rose to Rs.1,810.47 crores as against Rs.1675.47 crores in the corresponding period of the previous year, thus recording an increase of 8.1 percent. 20 out of 25 commodities revealed increase in revenues during the period upto November, 1998 compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. Highest increase in revenue was observed in respect of Gas (59.7 percent) followed by Pesticides (43.4 percent), Aerated water (36.5 percent), Tea (29.3 percent), Vegetable Oil (21.5 percent), Cosmetics (19.4 percent), Biscuits and Confectionery (19 percent), Cotton (18.8 percent), Machinery (17.5 percent) Drugs and Medicines (16.3 percent) Chemical Fertilizers (14.9 percent), Paints (13.6 percent) Detergents and Soaps (13.4 percent), Lubricants (12.9 percent) respectively. On the other hand the commodities witnessed decrease in the revenue realised upto November, 1998 compared to the corresponding period of previous year that too mainly in Paddy and Rice (10.7 percent) Coal (10.6 percent) Tyres and Tubes (8.5 percent) respectively. The top 25 commodities together contributed 69.3 percent of the total revenue realised in Sales Tax collections upto the end of November, 1998, compared to the corresponding period of previous year. ( Annexure - XXVIII )

Janmabhoomi Programme

Janmabhoomi is a people centered development process launched in the State of Andhra Pradesh in January 1997. This process has evolved out of the experience gained through the implementation of Prajala Vaddaku Paalana (taking administration to the door steps of people) launched in November 1995 and Sramadanam (contribution of labour) launched in January, 1996. It aims at establishing an ideal society, which embodies and cherishes the principles of people's participation, equality, transparency and accountability leading to sustained economic development and excellence in all walks of life. The goal is an enhanced quality of life for every man, woman and child in the State. Nine rounds of Janmabhoomi have been held in the State in the months of January, May, August, October of 1997 and January, May, August, October of 1998 and January, 1999. The following are the five core areas of Janmabhoomi:

· Community Works

· Primary Education

· Primary Health and Family Welfare

· Environment Conservation · Responsive Governance

Cumulative Achievements

(January, 1997 to January, 1999)

The cumulative achievements under Janmabhoomi covering the five core areas are given below:

Community Works

67,006 proposals for Community works valued Rs.945.77 Crores have been received up to 5 th Round of Janmabhoomi during 1997-98 out of which 66,976 community works (99.95 percent) have been accorded administrative sanction. 66,831 community works (99.78 percent) have been accorded technical sanction and 66,793 (99.72 percent) community works have been grounded. 59,487 (89.06 percent)community works have been completed so far valued Rs.761.96 crores with a Government share of Rs.526.39 crores and an amount of Rs.475.42 crores has been paid so far. ( Annexure - XXIX )

20,563 Community works valued Rs.274.54 Crores have been grounded out of the 28,713 proposals received in the 6 th to 8 th Rounds of Janmabhoomi in May, 1998, Aug, 1998 and Oct, 1998 valued Rs.402.25 crores. Of which, 28,631 works have been accorded Administrative Sanction valued at Rs.400.11 crores with a Government share of Rs.296.33 crores, 4,873 works valued Rs.59.42 crores are completed. ( Annexure - XXX ). Payment for works department wise (executing agency wise) are given in Statement - A2 for 1 st to 5 th rounds, in Statement - A3 for 6 th to 8 th rounds and cumulative report in Statement - A4.

Primary Education

6.31 lakh children have been additionally enrolled in schools during 1997-98 academic year through the people's campaign for enrolment under Janmabhoomi. In addition, 5.35 lakh un-enrolled children have been identified for fresh enrollment and 2.55 lakh drop-out children have been identified for re-enrollment during 1998-99. Out of them, 4.32 lakh un-enrolled children and 1.09 lakh drop out children have been enrolled so far of which 4.07 lakh are retained till December, 1998. Further, 1.27 lakh VECs have been formed so far.

Primary Health & Family Welfare

In this crucial social sector, 8.11 lakh children were immunised, 9.44 lakh eligible couples were motivated to adopt family planning methods and 24.72 lakh patients have been treated in 91,648 special health camps organised under Janmabhoomi during 1997-98. In May, August, October 98 and January, 99 rounds, 1.38 lakh Free Health Screening Camps have been organised and 84.68 lakh patients have been examined. During May 98 round, 2.74 lakh persons were screened for eye treatment and 56,053 T.B. patients were identified for treatment. During August, October, 98 and January, 99 rounds of Janmabhoomi, 7.14 lakh persons were screened for malarial infection and 31,222 were subject to blood test for malarial infection. Further, 1.23 lakh AIDS awareness camps have also been organised.

The no.of operations conducted on patients for eye treatment are 1,70,541 of which 1,00,491 are conventional operations and 70,050 are IOL implantation. 83,201 spectacles were distributed and 77 Glaucoma cases have been operated. Further, 11,876 Dental camps have been organised and 3.64 lakh patients have been examined and measures like filing, filling, etc., were taken up. At many places companies manufacturing Tooth paste came forward and sponsored tooth brushes and tooth pastes to the patients free of cost. Under reproductive health care, 2.99 lakh women were examined for various health problems.

Environment Conservation

As part of Clean and Green village campaign, 460 lakh trees have been planted during 97-98 and 390.99 lakh during August and October 1998. 4.02 lakh individual sanitary latrines have been grounded during 1997-98 and 1998-99 and 2.52 lakh have been completed. Further, 4.05 lakh beneficiaries have been identified for fresh sanction of individual sanitary latrines. 1.76 lakh smokeless chulhas and 18,432 Bio-gas plants have been taken up.

Responsive Governance

Out of 1.21 lakh Non-Financial Community Needs (NFCN) identified in the Gramsabhas during the eight rounds, 1.08 lakh have been redressed (89.00 percent) leaving a balance of 13,357 representations.(Statement-B). 19.55 lakh Individual Family Needs (IFN) have been identified during the eight rounds of Janmabhoomi, of which, 17.54 lakh have been redressed (89.72 percent) leaving a balance of 2.01 lakh needs ( Annexure - XXXI ).

Achievements Under Focus Areas

Veterinary Camps

So far, 1.96 lakh Free Veterinary Camps have been organised and 650.38 lakh animals have been treated.

During October, 1998, 81.52 lakh Sheep have been de-wormed and 19.78 lakh cross bred cattle have been vaccinated against foot and mouth disease and in January 1999 round, 127.16 lakh Sheep were de-wormed and 22.99 lakh cross bred cattle have been vaccinated against foot and mouth disease.


A Special campaign was organised for the welfare of the disabled during August, 1998 round of Janmabhoomi and continued during October round also. 56,560 disabled have been identified for supply of various AIDS/appliances. So far, AIDS/appliances distributed are given below:

Table - 9.1

Identified Distributed
Distribution of Tricycles 28,776 18,011
Distribution of Calipers 6,319 4,028
Fitting of Artificial Limbs 2,769 2,769
Distribution of Hearing aids 8,872 6,064
Fitting of crutches 9,146 8,360
Supply of Braille Slates 1,426 15
Supply of tape recorders 2,115 2,115
Supply of walking sticks 13,631 13,631
Scholarships Pre-metric Post-metric 13,550 6,601 10,942 6,601
Marriage incentive 3,766 3,766
No. of persons for Self Employment prog. 18,649 3,124
Issue of Certificates 2,48,787 2,45,271
Pollution Control - as a measure to control pollution especially in urban areas, 209 pollution checking points have been arranged throughout the state during the 7th round of Janmabhoomi and 10,779 heavy vehicles, 22,490 light motor vehicles and 47,469 two wheelers have been tested for Pollution Under Control (PUC) check.

Asset Distribution - During January, 1999 round, 6.10 lakh pensions have been distributed and Assets worth Rs.12.28 crores have been distributed to 1.89 lakh eligible beneficiaries under various programmes.

Grounding of Works

A total of 8374 new Community works were grounded during January, 1999 round costing Rs.75.46 crores.

Participation of Students

30,733 students teams comprising 2.50 lakh students participated in Janmabhoomi actively in 31,819 habitations of these 1.91 lakh students came from General colleges while 62,426 had been from NSS. A total of 3,142 RTC buses were used to transport the student teams to the habitations and to bring them back to their colleges.

Competitions on Janmabhoomi Themes

The Janmabhoomi Song Cassettes have been sent to all schools, colleges and universities for organising competitions in singing, essay writing, elocution, drama. All competitions completed by 26th January, 1999 and Prizes will be distributed on Telugu New Year Day.